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Thread: Carmine de Laurentiis

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    Registered User Jacqke's Avatar
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    Default Carmine de Laurentiis

    Making new wikipedia article about Carmine de Laurentiis. It's another article about ancient mandolin history with sparse references. I haven't posted it yet, and I'm open to any input to make it better or more accurate.

    Carmine de Laurentiis was a 19th-Century Italian musical educator, author and composer who taught mandolin and guitar in Naples.[1] His only well-known student was Carlo Munier.[1] He wrote a mandolin method, Metodo per Mandolino, that was published in Milan in 1874, reported the following year in the Musical World.[2] The article mentioning Laurentiis' method talked about the decline of the mandolin, calling the mandolin "entirely out of fashion."[2]

    He is significant because his efforts helped to bring the mandolin back to international prominence after a period of international indifference, by teaching and promoting the instrument. His mandolin method was accessible not only for Italian speakers, but with the English addition compiled by Federico Sacchi, people in England as well.[1][3]


    Decline of the mandolin

    The mandolin was used internationally on the European continent in the mid 18th century up through the early 19th-Century, by Italian virtuoso-players touring Europe and giving concerts.[4] Among them was Bartolomeo Bortolazzi Alexandro Marie Antoin Fridzeri, Pietro Vimercati, Luigi Castellaci, and Giovanni Vailati.[2][4]
    When the Napoleonic wars broke out, the mandolin went into a rapid decline, to the point that it was rarely seen in Europe outside of Italy.[4] In Italy it was relegated to a folk instrument, frequently encounted in the hands of young men courting young women, and in cities it was in the hands of street musicians and beggars, a lower-class instrument.[5] The untrained musicians concentrated on the romantic elements in the music, attempting to imitate a guitar's strum wuth arpeggios, or a violin by use of tremelo.[5][6] Having become a folk instrument, the techniques demonstrated by the virtuosic mandolin masters disappeared.[6]


    The mandolin's dark age and sudden rise

    In the period from the end of the Napoleonic Wars until 1880 the mandolin was in a holding pattern in which the mandolin music was made and consumed locally. It was seen on the streets in the hands of street musicians, and emigrants took it with them when they left Italy. Pasquale Vinnacia developed a more advanced mandolin, louder and with steel strings, now known as the Neapolitan Mandolin. Pasquale's grand-nephew, Carlo Munier took lessons on the mandolin from "Maestro" Carmine de Laurentiis.

    Laurentiis wrote his 1874 mandolin method, Metodo per Mandolino for an instrument that was labeled "entirely out of fashion."[2] Six years later, the Golden Age of the Mandolin sprang from seemingly out of nowhere, with performances at world exhibitions, new Italian virtuosos touring across Europe (especially Paris and Prague) and settling in the United States. Young women were buying up mandolins; music teachers needed methods to use in teaching the instruments. The virtuosos could write their own methods, but for those that didn't, methods like Laurentiis' were already available.


    References

    ^ a b c Bone, Philip J. (1914). The Guitar and Mandolin. Schott and Company. p. 175.

    ^ a b c d Biaggi, G. A. (March 20, 1875). "The Lute and the Mandolin, with some remarks on Sig. Giovanni Vailati in connection with them (reprint from La Gazetta Musicale in Milan)". The Musical World 53 (12) (London: William Duncan Davison). p. 204-205. Retrieved September 20, 2015. Though the instrument is entirely out of fashion, the house of Ricordi published last year [1874] at Milan A Metodo per Mandolino, a well planned work, well carried out, by Sic. Carmine De-Laurentiis.
    Jump up ^ Sparks, Paul (1995). The Classical Mandolin. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 45. ISBN 978-0-19-517337-6. Federico Sacchi... Later compiled an English edition of the tutor by Carmine de Laurentiis

    ^ a b c Sparks, Paul (1995). The Classical Mandolin. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 1-9. ISBN 978-0-19-517337-6.

    ^ a b Sparks, Paul (1995). The Classical Mandolin. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 9-14. ISBN 978-0-19-517337-6.

    ^a b Snaar, Gevoelige. "History of the Mandolin, The Neapolitan Mandolin". Retrieved September 21, 2015. In the 19th century the mandolin disappeared from music life as a result of the changed music style. The instrument lived on in the Italian folk music. The techniques of classical mandolin masters became forgotten. The tremolo became the main playing technique in which one tried to imitate the bowed tone of the violin.

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    Registered User Jacqke's Avatar
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    Default Re: Carmine de Laurentiis


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