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Pitch naming conventions, Helmholtz
Hermann von Helmholtz (1821-1894) was a German physicist who developed conventions for naming pitches and designate specific octaves using upper- or lower-case letters and a series of primes. When applied to standard tunings of stringed instruments, Helmholtz conventions can considerably reduce ambiguity. Using the most common format, the octave c'-b' begins on middle C. Octaves above add primes, and those below lose primes and move to upper-case designations. Some practical examples of standard tunings:
octave mandolin/mandola (in Europe): G-d-a-e'
Authored by: Eugene Braig
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